Industrial Climate Control
The primary purpose of the Climate Control Air Curtain is to prevent
the influx of outside air through an opening in to heated or cooled area. Opening where an
Air Curtain would typically be used are exterior shipping and receiving doors to plants
and warehouses and interior doors between plant areas of different temperatures. (these
applications are discussed in further detail below). In addition there are special
applications such as the control of oven temperature, humidity and dust or the control of
the fresh air . Other applications not discussed here are preventing the drifting of over
spray from spray paint booths; blowing water off of hot steel after it has been dipped;
and blowing scrap paper from a paper cutter into a collecting intake.
In order to control climate an Air Curtain emits an air stream with enough velocity at
the nozzle and the width of the nozzle. For different door sizes and different wind
conditions , different air velocities at the nozzle are required.
To prevent the entry of outside winds the discharge nozzle is angled outward so that
the air leaving it meets the wind trying to enter. The wind will meet or strike the Air
Curtain stream in the doorway. This working principle is shown in the figure below:
When the vector representing the air stream and the vector representing
the wind equalize they form a resultant which should meet the floor in the door plane for
In many buildings with high ceilings the air tends to stratify into a warmer layer at
the ceiling and a considerably cooler one at the floor. For such buildings it is
recommended that the air curtain be mounted across the top of the doorway opening and that
it be provided with a top intake connected to a duct extending up to the ceiling. (as
The warm air will then be drawn down into the Air Curtain and blown to the floor
putting otherwise wasted heat to use. This warmer air also helps to reduce the wind chill
of the moving air.
Air Conditioned Areas
Air conditioned areas are normally well balanced and seldom have negative pressure. In
fact a slight over-pressure is more common where air conditioning systems are bringing
fresh air into an area.
Air Curtains for interior door need only be sized for the draft due to the temperature
differences between the two sides. On interior openings between the air conditioned areas
and non air conditioned areas, the Air Curtain should be mounted on the non air
conditioned side, angled away from the air conditioned areas, and the air should be
dampered back until there is a minimum amount of air splitting at the floor and going in
toward the air conditioned side.
Doors between an air conditioned area and the outside are exposed to winds which must be
considered in the selection of the Air Curtain. For application
on such doors the Air Curtain should be installed on the inside for the best possible
efficiency, and the nozzle angle should be adjusted so that a minimum of air conditioning
is discharged from the inside. This inside mounting allows the Air Curtain to be used in
the winter to prevent cold outside air from entering.
Using Air Curtains on opening to ovens has resulted in fuel savings of up to 40% of the
total oven fuel consumption. Air Curtains are normally installed horizontally over the
oven opening and angled slightly inward toward the oven to contain the hot air that is
trying to come out at the top. Many Air Curtains are successfully operating on ovens with
temperatures up to 475° F. The Air Curtain drive motor should be located to the side of
the oven opening to protect them from damage from hot air that would escape in the even of
a shutdown of the Air Curtain. Oven applications should be designed case by case to meet
each set of unique conditions.
Dust and Humidity Control
Air Curtains should be installed on the clean or humidity controlled side of the
opening, blowing toward the dirty or uncontrolled side. This will prevent the influx of
the dust particles or atmospheric vapour. Air Curtain units for dust and humidity control
are approximately 70% efficient. The 30% inefficiency is caused by particles are air
becoming entrained in the Air Curtain stream and working their way through.
Air Curtains are in use in a hard rock mine at the 1100 foot depth to control the flow
of fresh air that is introduced into the mine. Installed at several points along the main
airway the Air Curtain deflects some of the fresh air flow out into the shafts. For more
detailed information on this very successful application please contact the factory.
Commercial Entrance Air Curtains are becoming widely used in building entrances to
reduce energy consumption and provide comfort. In winter they retain warm inside air and
prevent the influx of cold air. They can also supply additional heat in the door area
using optional electrical, steam or hot water heaters. In the summer Air Curtains keep hot
humid air out and prevent the escape of air conditioning. The working principle of
Commercial Entrance Air Curtains is to provide the most effective air screen possible
without blowing so hard that it is objectionable to people passing through.
Air Curtains are ideal for application on high traffic doorways in commercial
establishments such as stores, restaurants and banks. They are also ideal for public
buildings such as hospitals, terminals and schools. In many cases where a vestibule was
installed, or planned, to reduce the inflow, an Air Curtain is a better approach. This is
particularly true for high traffic entrances where both doors are frequently open at the
same time, defeating the purpose of the vestibule. A continuously operating Air Curtain
allows the vestibule to be dispensed with resulting in large savings -- both in initial
and operating costs -- and increasing the usable floor space.
Commercial Entrance Air Curtains are normally mounted horizontally above the door which
keeps the unit out of the way and practically eliminates any chance of damage and/or
accidents. During the heating season, the air stream should be directed slightly toward
the outside and should never be obstructed by door operators or the door header.
It is recommended that the Air Curtain fan motor be run continuously, since the power
needed to operate it is minimal.
It is preferable to control the heater in heated units with a built-in, or wall mounted,
thermostat, in order to maintain a constant, comfortable temperature in the entrance area.
In addition to providing comfort through the elimination of cold drafts and the addition
of heat to door areas. Commercial Entrance Air Curtains have many other benefits. For
example, they can decrease door maintenance costs since doors need to be opened and closed
left often. In restaurants they stop uncomfortable cold drafts at customer's feet. Many
schools purchase Air Curtains to save energy and find that, as an additional benefit, they
keep floors dry and safe and hallways warm during the winter months. In buildings with
high ceilings the Air Curtain re-circulates the warm stratified air that rises to the
Commercial Entrance Air Curtains are quiet and compact and pay for themselves in a very
short time. Most units may be used all year round and are adjustable for seasonal
conditions using either a damper or a duel speed motor.
Insect Control Air Curtains, sometimes called "Fly Fans," are used in food
processing plants, dairies, bakeries, bottling plants, restaurants, supermarkets,
hospitals, school cafeterias and other areas where the control of flying insects is
required. The powerful stream of air that is produced by an Insect Control Air Curtain is
an excellent deterrent to insects which will usually avoid the air stream simply because
of it's unnaturally high velocity.
The most effective Air Curtain design for insect control has a nozzle that can angle the
air stream away from the area to be protected. An angle of about 20° from the vertical is
usually optimal. The unit should meet or exceed Department of Agriculture and Federal Drug
Administration standards, which call for an air stream 2-5 inches wide at the nozzle
capable of producing a minimum velocity of 1600 fpm of air 3 feet above the floor and
across the entire door opening. It is very important that the entire doorway be covered so
that there are no gaps for the insects to enter.
The Insect Control Air Curtains can be mounted on the inside or outside of the doorway.
When mounted on the inside the unit can help control the building's climate in the winter
by stopping the influx of cold outside air. (For more info on this effect see the Industrial Climate Control or Commercial Entrance Sections). When the building
contains odours which are attractive to flying insects it is recommended that the Air
Curtain be mounted on the outside.
When a negative pressure exists inside the building one of two approaches must be taken to
make the Air Curtain fully effective in keeping the flying insects out. One alternative is
to slightly alter the mounting of the unit, moving it out form the wall to relieve
pressure on the Air Curtain and to allow the outside air to enter the building. The
outside air will be drawn to the intake of the curtain through the gap between the wall
and the unit. This gap must be covered by a screen and the gaps along the door jamb,
caused by moving the unit back from the wall, should be closed by side panels.
The Air Curtain is equally effective mounted horizontally or vertically. However, measures
should be taken to prevent damage to the Air Curtain caused by traffic when mounted
When opened a door separating a cold storage area from a warm room permits a
substantial loss of refrigerated air. Warm air flows into the cold room through the lower
part. This results in energy losses, safety hazards in the form of condensation and icing
on the floor and fog in the doorway; and possibly food spoilage. Strip doors used on
coolers and freezers to reduce these effects impair visibility and are unpleasant to pass
through due to condensation and frosting and accumulate dirt and possible bacterial
Studies have proven that Air Curtains, when properly sized and adjusted, are up to 85%
efficient in controlling the flow of air through cooler and freezer doorways. If the cold
storage door is open over one hour per day the Air Curtain is a cost effective way to save
Installed on the warm side of the doorway the Air Curtain emits an air stream which
reaches the floor at an angle and splits into two separate air streams. By properly
adjusting the volume of the air and the angle of the nozzle, one air stream is made to
balance against the other which is trying to leave the cooled room, while the other
counteracts the warm air trying to enter. The correct Air Curtain sizing and adjustments
must be made for each specific application so that a narrow, high velocity, low volume
stream of air is projected over the entire opening creating a sufficiently stiff curtain
of air. Built-in adjustments in the Air Curtain must include fully adjustable mounting
brackets, variable volume controls and individually adjustable louvers in the nozzle. The
narrow nozzle limits the amount of air in the doorway area and hence the turbulence, thus
increasing the efficiency of the unit.
In addition to providing a substantial energy savings and increased safety, Cold
Storage Air Curtains can increase the time between defrosting almost four fold, depending
on the particular freezer or cooler. Also, their ability to maintain the cold room
temperature right up to the doorway improves product quality and increases the useful
Over the long life of an Air Curtain system, tremendous benefits can be realized which
pay for the system many times over. Some of these include:
|Increased employee comfort. |
|Energy savings through control of air transfer. |
|Faster and safer traffic flow and increased production due to clear and open doorways. |
|Door maintenance cost savings due to decreased breakdowns. |
|Increased usable space near door areas. |
|Elimination of ice and fog in cold storage areas. |
|Increased safety in door areas due to better visibility. |